Jesus Washes the Disciples’ Feet Part One

John 13:1

Jesus knew that the hour had come that His earthly ministry would come to a close. Soon He would die for the sins of the world. He would return to the Father. He would have overcome the penalty of sin, which was death. His believers would know that His death was an act of obedience to the Father, and love for His believers. He loved them till His death. The full extent of His love is seen in the following ways:

 

1. His humble service 13:1-17

2. His teaching 13:18-17:26.

3. His death Chapters 18-19

 

All three of these reveal His love for humanity.

 

John 13:2-4

The devil had already prompted. Judas Iscariot’s heart to betray Jesus. Jesus had predicted that this would happen. John 6:7-71. Note John 13:27 where Satan actually entered his heart. Even though this happened, God was still in control of all things. Nothing is done without God’s will being accomplished.

Jesus knew the following:

-His sovereign authority

-His origin and coming destiny

Jesus voluntarily took the place of a slave by washing the feet of His disciples. This was in comparison of the disciples’ self-seeking desires. http://ref.ly/Mt20.20-24, http://ref.ly/Mk9.33f-34 and http://ref.ly/Lk22.24-30. Jesus took on the form of a servant. http://ref.ly/Pp2.5-8

 

John 13:5

The act of foot-washing was common in Palestine. The streets were dusty. People wore sandals without socks or stockings. This was a common custom when welcoming an individual or individuals into one’s home. It was one of the first things done to the guest. It was a mark of honor. Otherwise, it was a breach of hospitality not to do this. Note the following verses:

 

I Samuel 25:41

Luke 7:40-50

I Timothy 5:10

 

An example of how families did it is as follows:

-Wives often washed their husbands’ feet

-Children washed their parents’ feet

-Most people washed their own feet

 

Chapter Thirteen Introduction

This chapter is included in a section that covers John 13-17. The title of this section is “Jesus’ Preparation of His Disciples.” Chapter 13 covers the Last Supper. The first section concerns Jesus washing His disciples’ feet. This is discussed in verses 1-17.

 

John’s gospel gives details only covered in his gospel. These details include instructions given to the disciples at the Last Supper. It should be noted that this is the night that Jesus is arrested. Before Jesus gives final instructions to His disciples, He washes their feet. He also predicts His betrayal.

 

Special Day

Pam:

This is so very true. We only get one chance at today. Then it becomes yesterday. We cannot repeat it.

Originally posted on Source of Inspiration:

5f6475f00004b75917444a6c7ac19945

Today is not like
any other day.
It is a special day,
finally arrived,
never to come again.

Will I use this day well,
fill it with what truly matters?
Afterwards, will I tuck it
away to be fondly remembered?
A special day
created special
by how I use it.

May your life be filled
only with special days.

View original

Jesus’ Exhortation

http://ref.ly/Jn12.44-50

When and where Jesus spoke these words are not specified. John seems to be giving a general summary of Jesus’ manifestation of Himself to the nation.

 

John 12:44-46

The fact that Jesus “cried out” seems to mean the importance of the issues before the nation. Jesus is the perfect manifestation of God. God is the one who sent Him. John 1:18; http://ref.ly/Co1.15 and http://ref.ly/He1.3. To believe in Jesus is to believe in God. There are no two objects of faith: God and/or Jesus. When one sees Jesus, he sees the Father who sent Him. John 12:41; 14:9. Jesus came to lead people out of Satan’s kingdom of darkness into God’s kingdom of love and light. John 1:4, 9; 8:12; 12:35; Col. 1:13-14.

 

John 12:47-50

Jesus is God’s Word (Logos) to people, God spoke decisively and finally in Him. Note http://ref.ly/He1.1-3. The issue is the command of the Father. To obey the Father is to come to eternal life–see John 12:50. To reject God’s word which is Jesus’ very word (v. 48; cf. v50b; 7:16; 14:10, 24. This is to abide in death. Moses spoke of the coming of the great Prophet. He would speak for God. Moses told Israel that they must listen to Him. Deut. 18:15. Condemnation at the last day is the penalty for rejecting the One whom the Father sent (Deut. 18:18-19; John 3:18, 36; 5:24.

 

The purpose of God’s revelation in Jesus is positive: He came to save–not judge. John 12:47–see John 3:17. Note John 9:39. Rejection of God’s revelation inevitably brings a hardening in sin and ultimately God’s judgment.

 

John approached Jewish national unbelief by balancing his theological explanation with Jesus’ serious exhortation to the nation to repent. In the words of Moses, these “are not just idle words for you–they are your life” http://ref.ly/Dt32.47

 

John’s Explanation

http://ref.ly/Jn12.37-43

John 12:37

John speaks of national unbelief in his gospel. Despite the many signs that Jesus does, they do not believe in Him as a nation. Their belief is irrational.

John 12:38

Such unbelief had been predicted by the prophet Isaiah. The clearest passage concerning the suffering of the Servant is Isaiah 53:1-12. Israel would not perceive God’s revelation concerning the Servant. Isaiah 53:1 implies that only a few have believed.

John 12:39-40

John quotes Isaiah 6:10 in order to explain that the nation as a whole was unable to believe. They consistently rejected God’s revelation of the Messiah. He had punished them with spiritual blindness and deadened hearts. They refused to believe. Note John 12:37 says “they would not believe.” Note the following verses:

http://ref.ly/Ro1.24

http://ref.ly/Ex9.12

http://ref.ly/2Th2.8-12

John 12:41

Isaiah saw the Lord in a vision. Isaiah 6:3. John wrote that this glory Isaiah saw was Jesus’ glory. Jesus is Yahweh! See John 1:18; 10:30; 20:28; Col.2:9. Jesus in His nature is God (but God the Son is distinct in person from God the Father and God the Spirit). Isaiah spoke of Him. Many of Isaiah’s prophecies predicted the coming Messiah, Jesus of Nazareth. See the following verses:

Isaiah 4:2; 7:14; 9:6-7; 11:1-5, 10; 42:1-4; 49:1-7, 52:13-53:12; 61:1-3 Earlier Jesus had said that Moses wrote about Him John 5:46.

John 12:42-43

Despite the massive national unbelief, the situation was not hopeless. God had a remnant in the Old Testament, and He has a remnant in the New Testament. There were believers in high places who believed in Jesus. Fear of being excommunicated caused them to be silenced. They feared men’s opinions. They loved the praise of men rather than God’s praise.