Jesus’ Exhortation

http://ref.ly/Jn12.44-50

When and where Jesus spoke these words are not specified. John seems to be giving a general summary of Jesus’ manifestation of Himself to the nation.

 

John 12:44-46

The fact that Jesus “cried out” seems to mean the importance of the issues before the nation. Jesus is the perfect manifestation of God. God is the one who sent Him. John 1:18; http://ref.ly/Co1.15 and http://ref.ly/He1.3. To believe in Jesus is to believe in God. There are no two objects of faith: God and/or Jesus. When one sees Jesus, he sees the Father who sent Him. John 12:41; 14:9. Jesus came to lead people out of Satan’s kingdom of darkness into God’s kingdom of love and light. John 1:4, 9; 8:12; 12:35; Col. 1:13-14.

 

John 12:47-50

Jesus is God’s Word (Logos) to people, God spoke decisively and finally in Him. Note http://ref.ly/He1.1-3. The issue is the command of the Father. To obey the Father is to come to eternal life–see John 12:50. To reject God’s word which is Jesus’ very word (v. 48; cf. v50b; 7:16; 14:10, 24. This is to abide in death. Moses spoke of the coming of the great Prophet. He would speak for God. Moses told Israel that they must listen to Him. Deut. 18:15. Condemnation at the last day is the penalty for rejecting the One whom the Father sent (Deut. 18:18-19; John 3:18, 36; 5:24.

 

The purpose of God’s revelation in Jesus is positive: He came to save–not judge. John 12:47–see John 3:17. Note John 9:39. Rejection of God’s revelation inevitably brings a hardening in sin and ultimately God’s judgment.

 

John approached Jewish national unbelief by balancing his theological explanation with Jesus’ serious exhortation to the nation to repent. In the words of Moses, these “are not just idle words for you–they are your life” http://ref.ly/Dt32.47

 

John’s Explanation

http://ref.ly/Jn12.37-43

John 12:37

John speaks of national unbelief in his gospel. Despite the many signs that Jesus does, they do not believe in Him as a nation. Their belief is irrational.

John 12:38

Such unbelief had been predicted by the prophet Isaiah. The clearest passage concerning the suffering of the Servant is Isaiah 53:1-12. Israel would not perceive God’s revelation concerning the Servant. Isaiah 53:1 implies that only a few have believed.

John 12:39-40

John quotes Isaiah 6:10 in order to explain that the nation as a whole was unable to believe. They consistently rejected God’s revelation of the Messiah. He had punished them with spiritual blindness and deadened hearts. They refused to believe. Note John 12:37 says “they would not believe.” Note the following verses:

http://ref.ly/Ro1.24

http://ref.ly/Ex9.12

http://ref.ly/2Th2.8-12

John 12:41

Isaiah saw the Lord in a vision. Isaiah 6:3. John wrote that this glory Isaiah saw was Jesus’ glory. Jesus is Yahweh! See John 1:18; 10:30; 20:28; Col.2:9. Jesus in His nature is God (but God the Son is distinct in person from God the Father and God the Spirit). Isaiah spoke of Him. Many of Isaiah’s prophecies predicted the coming Messiah, Jesus of Nazareth. See the following verses:

Isaiah 4:2; 7:14; 9:6-7; 11:1-5, 10; 42:1-4; 49:1-7, 52:13-53:12; 61:1-3 Earlier Jesus had said that Moses wrote about Him John 5:46.

John 12:42-43

Despite the massive national unbelief, the situation was not hopeless. God had a remnant in the Old Testament, and He has a remnant in the New Testament. There were believers in high places who believed in Jesus. Fear of being excommunicated caused them to be silenced. They feared men’s opinions. They loved the praise of men rather than God’s praise.

 

Greeks Part Three

John 12:34

The crowd was puzzled. If Jesus was the Messiah, He should be here forever. There is nothing (according to the Jews’ knowledge) that said He would die. Note Daniel 7:13-14 which speaks of the Son of Man and His everlasting dominion. Was there a distinction between the Messiah (Christ) and the Son of Man. Did the term “Son of Man” differ in its sense in Daniel 7:13? Jesus was predicting His own death. They could not see how this was possible if He was the Messiah.

 

John 12:35-36

The issue at hand was moral. The time of opportunity was limited. Jesus is the light of the world (John 1:4, 9; 8:12; 12:46. The day of His earthly ministry was coming to a close. Note verse 23. The darkness of night was coming in. Such evil powers would hold sway over people. The man who walks in darkness described the unbeliever who stumbles through life. This individual has no idea where life is leading him. http://ref.ly/Jn3.19 and http://ref.ly/1J1.6. Their privilege was to trust in the Light (Jesus) and become sons of Light (http://ref.ly/Ro13.12, http://ref.ly/Ep5.8, and http://ref.ly/Co1.13-14. Jesus supernaturally disappears. See John 5:13; 8:59; 10:39.

 

The Greeks

John 12:27-29

Jesus now speaks on the cost of commitment to the Father’s will. He does this by revealing His emotions. This is one of the ways Jesus connects with humanity. Jesus says He is in turmoil. The Greek word for this is tetaraktai which means “stirred, agitated.He is facing the prospect of being made sin.

 

“For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin;

that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”

2 Corinthians 5:21

 

He knew that His Incarnation was for the very purpose of bringing Him to this hour. See John 12:23, 13:1 and 17:1. Jesus is our example in His attitude concerning His coming death. He submits to the will of the Father. We also must submit to the will of the Father. Notice what Jesus says, “Father, glorify Your name!” We must desire that His name be glorified despite our conflicting emotions.

 

The Father speaks from heaven in a loud thunderous voice. He confirms His working in Jesus in reference to the past and the future. Nobody could understand what was being said. See Acts 9:7 and 22:9.

 

John 12:30-31

The voice coming from heaven confirms faith in the spiritually perceptive. To the unspiritual, it is only noise. 1Cor 2:4. Jesus’ death brought judgment on the world. Evil is atoned for through this. The world’s goals, standards and religions were shown to be folly. [Bible Knowledge Commentary] The Cross of Calvary defeated Satan. Note http://ref.ly/Re12.10. Satan is known as the prince of this world. Note John 14:30; 16:11. Jesus states that he will be driven out. His power over people resulting in death will be defeated. They can be delivered from his dominion of spiritual darkness and sin’s slavery. http://ref.ly/Co1.13-14 and http://ref.ly/He2.14-15.

 

John 12:32-33

When Jesus says, “When I am lifted up from the earth,” it does not refer to His Ascension. It speaks of His crucifixion. John 3:14 and John 8:28. He knew how would die–by the cross. The Jews’ way was by stoning. This meant that He would die according to Roman law. Note Stephen’s death–Acts 7:58-60.

Since Jesus would die on the Roman cross, He would draw all men to Himself. He did not mean everybody would be saved. He made it clear that some will be lost because of their unbelief. John 5:28-29. He will draw indiscriminately. Those who would be saved would not only be Jews. There would be people from every tribe, language, people and nation. See http://ref.ly/Re5.9, http://ref.ly/Jn10.16, and http://ref.ly/Jn11.52.

 

The Greeks

John 12:27-29

Jesus now speaks on the cost of commitment to the Father’s will. He does this by revealing His emotions. This is one of the many ways that Jesus connects with humanity. Jesus says He is in turmoil. The Greek word for this is tetaraktai which means “stirred, agitated.He is face the prospect of being made sin.

 

“For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin;

that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”

2 Corinthians 5:21

 

He knew that His Incarnation was for the very purpose of bringing Him to this hour. See John 12:23; 13:1 and 17:1. Jesus is our example in His attitude concerning His coming death. He submits to the will of the Father. We also must submit to the will of the Father. Notice what Jesus says, “Father, glorify Your name!” We must desire that His name be glorified despite our conflicting emotions.

 

The Father speaks from heaven in a loud thunderous voice. He confirms His working in Jesus in reference to the past and the future. Nobody could understand what was being said. See Acts 9:7 and 22:9.

 

John 12:30-31

The voice coming from heaven confirms faith in the spiritually perceptive. To the unspiritual it is only noise. 1Cor 2:4. Jesus’ death brought judgment on the world. Evil is atoned for through this. The world’s goals, standards and religions were shown to be folly. [Bible Knowledge Commentary] The Cross of Calvary defeated Satan. Note http://ref.ly/Re12.10. Satan is known as the prince of this world. Note John 14:30; 16:11. Jesus states that he will be driven out. His power over people resulting in death will be defeated. They can be delivered from his dominion of spiritual darkness and sin’s slavery. http://ref.ly/Co1.13-14 and http://ref.ly/He2.14-15.

 

John 12:32-33

When Jesus says “when I am lifted up from the earth,” it does not refer to His Ascension. It speaks of His crucifixion. John 3:14 and John 8:28. He knew how would die–by the cross. The Jews’ way was by stoning. This meant that He would die according to Roman law. Note Stephen’s death–Acts 7:58-60.

Since Jesus would die on the Roman cross, He would draw all men to Himself. He did not mean everybody would be saved. He made it clear that some will be lost because of their unbelief. John 5:28-29. He will draw indiscriminately. Those who would be saved would not only be Jews. There would be people from every tribe, language, people and nation. See http://ref.ly/Re5.9, http://ref.ly/Jn10.16, and http://ref.ly/Jn11.52.

 

Daily Choices

Choices. Everyday there are choices that must be made. Some are more serious than others. One of those choices concern joy. Will you choose joy today or happiness? Happiness is based upon your circumstances. Circumstances go up and down. They are not stable. Situations have a definite effect upon them.

Choose joy. Remember—The joy of the Lord is your strength!