John 18 The Confrontation

John 18:4-11

 

In this passage, we see that Jesus faces His accusers with courage. He had told His disciples about this coming event. For this reason, Jesus had done a lot of teaching in the previous chapters of this gospel. These teachings became valuable to the hearers of Jesus’ final words.

In the following verses, we read of the conversation between Jesus and the Roman soldiers, the officers and Pharisees. When Jesus responds by saying that He is the one they are seeking, they fall back. This is because His words are so powerful. This reveals the majesty of Jesus Christ. At this point, Jesus asks them again who they are looking for. They give the same response, and Jesus says He is the one they are looking for.

A look at Peter’s response takes us to Matthew 26:33-35. Here Peter promises that he would die for Jesus. Here he thinks he could save Jesus, or die trying. He seeks to take off the head of the high priest’s slave, and He misses. Instead, he hacks off the man’s ear. In one of the other gospels, we learn that Jesus heals the man. He places the ear back in place. Note http://ref.ly/Lk22.51. Peter’s response misses the plan of God. The Bible Knowledge Commentary states “zeal without knowledge in religion often leads men astray. Romans 10:2.

Verse 11 deals with the fact that earlier that same night, Jesus had rebuked Peter. See http://ref.ly/Jn13.6-11. He rebukes him again. All that was happening was according to God’s plan. The statement Jesus made was a rhetorical question. It was designed to prod Peter’s thinking. Jesus intended to do the will of the Father.

The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus Christ

John 18:1-3

 

The word “when” sets the time of the coming talk and events. Jesus has ended His prayer to the Father. Jesus travels over the ravine of Kidron to a garden called Gethsemane. He had visited this garden many times before. The word “now” means they have reached the garden. What we will read now is the conversation and events happening in the garden.

Matthew 26:47-56 gives more detail on this event. As stated in this portion of scripture, the place is called Gethsemane. Jesus tells His disciples to sit in a certain place while He goes to pray. (Matthew 26:36) In verses, 43-44, we see that Jesus left them to pray for a third time. When He returns, He finds His disciples asleep. (Matthew 26:45) Note the following statement made by Jesus to His disciples now:

“Behold, the hour is at hand and the Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners.”

Judas Iscariot is the one who shall betray Jesus. Please read Matthew 26:14-16, which records Judas going to the chief priests. He has a conversation with them. They will pay him thirty pieces of silver for the information, which will lead them to Jesus.

While Jesus tells them that the Son of Man is about to be betrayed, the individuals who have searched for Jesus arrive. (Verse 46). Judas shows up with the 600 men along with the chief priests and Pharisees (Matthew 26 uses the words “battalion, chief priests and elders.” (NASB)

In verse 48, we read that Judas gave them a sign. He would kiss the one who is Jesus Christ. (Matthew 26:48-49)  The group arrives with lanterns, torches and weapons. The group shows what is in their hearts when it comes to Jesus. They are of the night. Therefore, their deeds are evil. They show up with weapons as though Jesus will enter a battle with them. This shows the inner workings of the heart of this group of individuals. They had attempted to take Jesus earlier, but the time had not come for His arrest and death.

 

The High Priestly Prayer Part Three

 

Verses 5-12

Remember Jesus is speaking to the Father on His behalf. Through the following verses we see what else Jesus talks about. Jesus asks the Father to exalt Him back into the place where He was when He was with the Father.

Jesus then speaks of His earthly ministry that He has accomplished. He speaks of the glory He brought to the Father is seen in the form of obedience to death. Philippians 2:8. He repeats this request to the Father based upon the certainty of the finished work of Calvary.

The Father gave Jesus five things to do during His earthly ministry:

Work

John 17:4

Believers

John 17:2, 6, 9

Glory

John 17:5, 24

Words

John 17:8

A Name

John 17:11-12

 

This is what is so fantastic about the ministry of Jesus. He fulfilled all of the above. He spoke the words of the Father to those who would listen. They were spirit and life. Those words exalted the Father and the Son. For this reason, they were in fellowship and communion with the Father. They were obedient to keep the words of the Father. They believe that everything that Jesus has taught them came from the Father. They also believe that Jesus came from the Father. These believers were the Father’s and the Son’s.

Jesus says that He is not in the world, and neither are His children of this world. He asks the Father to keep them while they are in the world. Jesus knows what they will experience while they live in the world as believers of the true and living God. He asks that they be one as He and the Father are one. In other words, He desires that they have unity among themselves. While He was with them, the Father’s Name was keeping them. Jesus guarded them, and because of this, none were lost. Only the son of perdition was lost because he sold out to the enemy. The purpose behind this person being lost was for the purpose of prophetic fulfillment.

 

 

 

 

 

The Disciples in the World

John 17:13-21 The Disciples in the World

 

Key Words

You                   seven times

Your                 two times

Father              one time

World                nine times

Them                six times

They                 six times

Their                 two times

Themselves      two times

 

From Greek to English Translation

Sanctify: To make holy. Purify. Consecrate.

Word: Something said (includes the thought). By implication, it is a topic (subject of disclosure).

Believe: To have faith. To commit (to trust). Put in trust with.

 

Note: The version used in this lesson and subsequent lessons is the NASB.

 

Narrative

Summary

In this portion of scripture, Jesus speaks of two groups: 1) the world; 2) the believers. Jesus is talking to the Father concerning the fact that He is about to leave His disciples. He is focused on the fact that He wants them to have an intimate relationship with Him and the Father. He wants them to experience unity among themselves.

Scriptural Analysis

The world hates them because they are not of the world, They hated Jesus. In Luke 6:22, Jesus tells His followers that they are blessed when the world hates them. The reason for their hatred toward them is that they have chosen to follow Jesus. Because of this, the world has excluded them. (Holman Christian Standard Bible) They will also insult and slander their name calling them as evil. In John 16:2, which says people will think they are doing the kingdom’s work when they arrest them. Note 1 Peter 4:14, which says that if a believer is ridiculed for Jesus’ name, the individual is blessed. For the spirit of glory and of God rests upon them. (Holman Christian Standard Bible)

Jesus does not want the Father to take them out of the world, but to keep them from the evil one. 2 Thessalonians 3:3. God the Father sent Jesus into the world. Likewise, Jesus is sending His followers out into the world as well.

Jesus continues His prayer to the Father by stating that He desires that they be one as He and the Father are one. He wants them to be unified in faith and belief.

Notice the word “now,” which means that Jesus is changing the subject. Jesus is changing the subject in His conversation with the Father. He is speaking these things into the world. He wants their joy to be full or complete. This is the kind of joy that every believer receives. He speaks to the world because His believers are a part of the world. Jesus states that He has spoken the words that the Father has given Him.

 

The world hates them because they are not of the world, They hated Jesus. In Luke 6:22, Jesus tells His followers that they are blessed when the world hates them. The reason for their hatred toward them is that they have chosen to follow Jesus. Because of this, the world has excluded them. (Holman Christian Standard Bible) They will also insult and slander their name calling them as evil. In John 16:2, which says people will think they are doing the kingdom’s work when they arrest them. Note 1 Peter 4:14, which says that if a believer is ridiculed for Jesus’ name, the individual is blessed. For the spirit of glory and of God rests upon them. (Holman Christian Standard Bible)

 

Jesus does not want the Father to take them out of the world, but to keep them from the evil one. 2 Thessalonians 3:3. God the Father sent Jesus into the world to teach the gospel truth. Likewise, Jesus is sending His followers out into the world as well.

 

Jesus continues His prayer to the Father by stating that He desires that they be one as He and the Father are one. He wants them to be unified in faith and belief.

 

John 17 The High Priestly Prayer Verses 2 through 4

The High Priestly Prayer Part Two

Verse 2b-4

Note Matthew 11:27a where Jesus affirms this truth. Also, see Luke 10:22. Everybody will receive eternal life. The phrase “eternal life” comes from the Greek word Zoe which means life. We are to experience life without end. We have hope that extends beyond the grave. The believer never dies. The individual leaves this world to a place of bliss and peace in God.

This is eternal life—that believers should come to know and have fellowship with the Father. Because He is eternal, His believers are possessors of eternal life. He is the only true and living God. This same God sent Jesus Christ the Savior of the world. Jesus says that He has exalted the Father on the earth. He [Jesus] has accomplished [fulfilled, completed] what He was sent to do on earth. The time is coming when His earthly ministry shall be finished. Note what Jesus says concerning about a prophecy concerning Himself:

“For I tell you that this which is written must be fulfilled in Me, and He was numbered with transgressors; for that which refers to Me has its fulfillment.” Luke 22:37 NASB

Jesus’ earthly ministry fulfilled all prophecies concerning His life, ministry along with His subsequent death and resurrection. Note also John 4:34:

“Jesus said to them, “My food is to do the will of Him who sent Me and to accomplish His work.” NASB

Jesus served to be an example to the believer. He was called, anointed and appointed to do a specific work on the earth. When His time was up, He left this realm, and returned to Heaven. We should do the same thing. We have been called to do a work for the Lord during a certain season. We must focus on completing what we have been called to do. If we do this, we will bless the lives that our ministry will touch. We will bring glory to the Father. We will receive glory and honor from the Father.

John 17 The High Priestly Prayer Part One

The High Priestly Prayer

This section will cover verses 1-2. Since this section discusses the subject of a high priest, I recommend you read Hebrews 7-9, which speaks of the position of a high priest in relationship with Jesus as high priest. It discusses a “better” priesthood, which comes through Jesus Christ.

The word “Father” is used in the opening of this prayer. It is used one other time here. The fact that this portion of scripture is entitled the “High Priestly “Prayer” reminds me of the first high priest in the person of Aaron. You may read the addendum on this topic entitled Addendum 1: The High Priest Position.

Notice in verse one, Jesus lifts His eyes toward heaven where the Father abides. In John 11:41, Jesus prays in this same manner. The time has come for the Son to be glorified. The NASB uses the word “glorify” two times. This word means to be exalted. Note the following verse taken from the NASB:

“And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.” John 12:32)

The Father and the Son will be glorified. Jesus will be glorified after His resurrection. His disciples would remember what He said and taught to them. Note also John 7:39, which mentions this as well.

Verse 2

The Father has given Jesus authority over all flesh. The word “authority” comes from the Greek word exousia which means “influence, liberty. It means power over persons and things. Other words that bear this out would be dominion and rule. When it comes to discussing “authority, in John 3:35, John says that because the Father loves the Son, He has given “all things” into Jesus’ hand.

Principles from Elijah’s Experience concerning Stress

Filling Your Emptiness

-Spend time alone with God

-Receive God’s rest and physical nourishment

-Seek communication with God.

-Wait on God’s response.

-Respond honestly to God.

-Place your trust in God.

-Rely on instructions from God.

-Be ready for God’s blessing