John’s Gospel Prologue

The Prologue

John 1:1-18

The Gospel of John opens in a unique way. John’s prologue is theological in nature. John has a purpose for beginning in this manner. John may be saying the following: “I want you to consider Jesus in His teaching and deeds. Nevertheless, you will not understand the good news of Jesus in its fullest sense unless you view Him from this point of view. Jesus is God manifest in the flesh, and His words and deeds are those of the God-Man.” [Bible Knowledge Commentary NT – Front Matter-Commentary I. Theology, page 272]


John seeks to reintroduce Jesus to the recipients of this gospel. There are many false accounts circulating at this time. John wants the people to not only remember who Jesus really is, but he wants them to see Jesus in the light of His teachings in various areas. Jesus is God manifest in the flesh.


Themes in John’s Gospel

Life v. 4

Light v. 4

Darkness v. 5

Witness v. 7

True v. 9

World v. 9

Son v. 14

Father v 14

Glory v. 14


This chapter focuses on the truth that Jesus is the Son of God. When we read the words “in the beginning was the Word…”John is the only writer who begins his story with the eternal Son of God-Jesus Christ. The word Logos comes from the Greek form. It is the word given to describe His existence at the beginning. It means “intelligence.” In Him, all things exist. He became the Word, which is the expression that explains the Intelligence, which is undiscoverable except God reveals it through Scripture. Note Romans 1:20.


There are two main verbs throughout this passage that serve to contrast what Jesus has always been and what He became at His incarnation. The subject of Jesus’ incarnation will be discussed more fully later on in the lessons. There is en, the imperfect eimi that means, “to be.” The translation of this word into English means “had been.” The paraphrase of this first verse would be as follows: “Before there was any beginning, the Word had been, and the Word has been toward God, and God had been the Word.” This verb en is found in every instance in this context where the Person of Jesus Christ is referred to in His eternal state of being. Note the following verses: vv. 1, 2, 4, 8-9, 10, 15. Note Philippians 2:6-8 and I John 1:5-10.



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