I would like to deal with a few phrases that are repeated in this passage and the previous one. The first phrase is the title of the Son of God. The phrase “Behold the Lamb of God” is presented in verse 29 and verse 36. The word “behold” comes from the Greek word eido means “to see, calling attention to what may be seen or heard or mentally apprehended in any way. Lo, behold, observe. It is a particle of exclamation and calling attention to something present. See Matt. 25:20, 22, 25; Mark 11:21; John 1:47; 19:5. “Behold the man,” 19:14.. To contemplate; …to be an eyewitness…” [AMG’s Complete Word Study Dictionaries, New Testament, p. 755] The word amnos is a masculine noun. It means “lamb of sacrifice.” [Ibid.] It became usual to designate Christ as amnos. This word is only found in John 1:29, 36; Acts 8:32, I Peter 1:19. It is also found in the Septuagint Exodus 12:5.
This is the third day in the sequence. The seventh day included the wedding at Cana John 2:1; Jewish weddings traditionally were on Wednesdays. It would make this third day the Sabbath Day. [Bible Exposition Commentary, New Testament, Volume 1 – Be Alive (John 1-12) – John – Chapter One. God is Here!, p.8] It was not a day of rest for John or Jesus. John was preaching and Jesus was gathering disciples.
John was glad to lose his two disciples to Jesus. This was expected once Jesus the Christ was on the scene. John said “He must increase, but I must decrease” John 3:30.
When Jesus asked the question “What seek ye?” (KJV), He was forcing them to define their purpose and goal in following Jesus. What did they expect–a man who would start a revolution against Rome? Jesus did not come for that purpose. They had no idea that their lives would be transformed by the Son of God.
When they asked where Jesus lived, they might be hinting that perhaps Jesus was too busy at the time. Instead, Jesus invited them to spend the day with Him. It was just 10 a.m. The Bible Exposition Commentary mentions three suppositions:
(1) Jesus told them something of His mission
(2) Jesus revealed their own hearts to them
(3) Jesus answered their questions
These two men were so impressed that they told their brothers of the Messiah! That is targeted witnessing! They were their brothers’ keeper. Genesis 4:9. In this gospel, Andrew is consistently bringing somebody to Jesus. He may not have preached any sermons, but by his actions, he was a personal soul winner!
Messiah is a Hebrew word that means “anointed.” It is the Greek equivalent of “Christ.” To the Jews it was the same as “Son of God.” See Matt 26:63-64; Mark 14:61-62; Luke 22:67-70. Old Testament kings were called “God’s anointed” 1 Sam 26:11; Ps. 89:20. [Ibid.] To speak of the Messiah would mean they were thinking of the king who would come to deliver them and establish the kingdom. [Ibid.] This is the reason that some stopped following Jesus. They discovered his kingdom was spiritual and not secular.