The pool mentioned at the beginning of this chapter has been found by archaeologists. When people visit St. Anne’s Church in Jerusalem, you will be shown the deep excavation, which reveals the ancient Pool of Bethesda. This name is Hebrew, and it has been spelled various ways. With each variation comes a different meaning. Some say it means “house of mercy” or “house of grace.” Others say it means “place of the two outpourings.” [Bible Exposition Commentary (BE Series) – New Testament Volume 1- Be Alive (John 1-12) – John – Chapter Five, p. 304] There is both historical and archaeological evidence that two adjacent pools of water served this area in ancient times.
The pool is situated near the northeast corner of the Old City, which is close to the Sheep Gate. http://ref.ly/Ne3.1 and http://ref.ly/Ne12.39. There have been discovered five porticoes or covered colonnades which confirms the accuracy of the description given here in John’s Gospel.