Guilt Introduction and Definition

Guilt can send us into an emotional battle. On the other hand, is your guilt a loving instrument of God used to convict, correct and conform your character when you astray? Are you battling feelings of shame and condemnation when guilt strikes a blow to your heart? True guilt can be your friend. It is a godly companion who whispers truth and motivates you to repent and be free. False guilt is a relentless foe. Superficial sorrow brings death! Note the following verse:

2 Corinthians 7:10 (KJV)
(10) For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death.”


There is an illustration from Julius Caesar that shows how your traitor can be cloaked in the robe of friendship. “You too, Brutus,” which was the dying words of Caesar to his friend. Brutus is seen as the ultimate traitor. He was the betraying friend who thrust the final blow. Guilt is the unseen enemy. It is an adversary to your God-given value and worth. When you are in bondage to feelings of guilt, learn to discern. Are you facing a friend or fighting a foe?

Are you feeling the godly conviction of sin, —or twisted emotions from enemies within?

What is True Guilt?

From one’s earliest childhood, no one has escaped guilt. Guilt is experienced if we stole a cookie or told a lie. The Old Testament Hebrew word asham, with its many derivatives, paints a three-dimensional picture of true guilt. [Larry Richards, Expository Dictionary of Bible Words, Regency Reference Library (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1985), 322]

The word “guilt” refers to the fact of being at fault, deserving punishment and requiring a sacrificial offering. [See the Hebrew dictionary entry in James Strong, Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible (Nashville: Abingdon, 1986), 17]

True guilt is the result of sin.

When we sin we are guilty, and a penalty must be paid for our sin so that fellowship with God can be restored. [Robert S. McGee, The Search for Significance: Book and Workbook, 2nd ed. (Houston, TX: Rapha, 1990), 19.

After David committed adultery, he repented and cried out to God, “Against you, you only, have I sinned and done what is evil in your sight” Psalm 54:4.



John 9 Verses 1-7


As Jesus traveled along in the city of Jerusalem, He saw a man with congenital blindness. The decision Jesus made concerning this blind man is significant. See John 5:5-6. He is sovereign in His works. This man lived in hopelessness. This is an illustration of man’s spiritual blindness from birth John 9:39-41; 2 Cor. 4:4; Ephesians 2:1-3.

The disciples faced a theological problem. They believed sin was connected with suffering. They asked Jesus who sinned in this case. Did his parents sin or did he sin? He may have sinned in his mother’s womb. Jesus answers them by saying that neither his parents nor his self sinned. It should be noted that this does not contradict the sinfulness of all humanity. Note Romans 3:9-20, 23. His blindness was not caused by a specific sin. Instead, it was to glorify God. God would be able to reveal His glory in the midst of tragedy. Exodus 4:11 and 2 Cor. 12:9.

John 9:4-5 (KJV)
(4) I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work. (5) As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.”
In this context, the word “day” means an allotted time. Jesus was on God’s Divine timeline. He had a certain amount of work to do in a certain time. He had to do the works of the Father within that time. The word “we” included the disciples with an extension to all believers. The word “night” within this context means the limit set to do God’s works. In the case of Jesus, the time would end with His death. As the “light of the world,” Jesus gives people salvation. (cf. 8:12). After Jesus died, His disciples would be the lights of the world. and
. Believers would bring people to Christ.

There are those who would be against what Jesus does in these two verses (6-7) because it involves spit. Jesus placed clay (mud with salvia) on this man’s eyes. Man is made from the dust of the earth. Genesis 2:7. Jesus may have used this action to develop the man’s faith–instead of medicine. The making of mud broke the Rabbinic regulations against kneading clay on the Sabbath Jesus told the man to wash in the pool of Siloam (means sent). This water is located at the southeastern corner of Jerusalem. This is where Hezekiah’s tunnel channeled water inside the city walls from the Gihon Spring. Note the following: the man was “sent” there and Jesus was the One “sent” by the Father. The man…washed and went home seeing!


Jesus and the Blind Man

When I read this passage, the first thing that comes to my mind is the response of the disciples. They ask Jesus what sin did this man’s parents commit. There are some of people who ask this question today.

Isaiah predicted that in messianic times various “signs” would take place. He states that the Messiah would “open eyes that are blind.” Note the following verse:

Isaiah 42:7 (KJV)
(7) To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.”

Compare this verse with the following: and

Jesus healed the blind.

This miracle in John 9 is notable because Jesus had just proclaimed Himself as “the Light of the world John 8:12. He gave sight to a man born blind. This was a public demonstration of His claim.

John 9:1 (KJV)
(1) And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blind from his birth.”

Jesus was in Jerusalem at this time. The man He saw at congenital blindness. Jesus’ decision to heal this man is significant. Note John 5:5-6. He shows His sovereignty in His works. This man’s blindness from birth showed his hopelessness. This also reveals man’s spiritual blindness from birth. Note the following scriptures:

John 9:39 (KJV)
(39) And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind.”


John 9:2-3 (KJV)
(2) And his disciples asked him, saying, Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind? (3) Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him.”

The disciples face a theological problem. They believe that sin has a direct result on suffering. How could a person be born with a handicap? Either he sinned, or his parents sinned. Did he sin in his mother’s womb? Jesus deals with this in the upcoming verses.

Did his parents sin? Jesus said neither one of them sinned. It should be noted that these words do not contradict what is found in Romans 3:9-20, 23. Instead Jesus meant that this man’s blindness was not caused by some specific sin. The problem existed so that God could display His glory in the midst of what seemed to be tragedy. See and


We Can Never Frustrate Jesus


John 9:1 (KJV)
(1) “And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blind from his birth.”


These notes are taken from Boice Expositional Commentary. This database is a part of WordSearch’s biblical software, which is located on my laptop.


The first and great lesson of John 9 is that man cannot frustrate God. It should be understood that man’s hatred and man’s sin could not frustrate God. God accomplishes his purposes sovereignly. He saves by grace those whom He chooses to call to Himself.

The fact that the religious leaders hated Jesus to the point of stoning Him did not frustrate Jesus. Stoning was a serious action. Yet it did not shake Jesus from His mission. If they had attempted to stone Jesus, it would have caused a great turmoil in the temple precincts. Jesus removed Himself probably just a stone’s throw away from this area. He stopped to fix his eyes on the blind beggar who had been sitting near the temple gate.

Jesus was focused on His mission. We find Jesus calm and self-possessed. He is acting with profound disregard of His enemies and their hatred. Jesus had God’s point of view. Jesus persevered in His ministry to a dying world. He began to elect some to salvation. Note Romans 9:15.

This verse tells us about the God we serve. We should know that nothing would frustrate Him. Jesus said He would build His church, and the gates of hell would not prevail against it. If we make God’s purposes our purposes, we will not be frustrated either. If this is carried out, frustration will disappear and life will receive new meaning. If we are working for the Lord, then our work will bear fruit and Jesus Christ will be glorified.


The way Jesus handled this situation should serve as an example for us. We are to rejoice in our tests and trials. James 1:2  We are to handle to handle our enemies like Jesus handles His. He did not allow His enemies deter Him from His divine mission. He stayed focused, and we should too. The next time you are faced with an enemy that seeks to destroy you, remember Jesus.


Comparison Between John 8 and John 9

There are verses in the opening chapter of John’s Gospel that provide an outline for the first twelve chapters of this gospel. It is important at this point as our study of this Gospel enters upon a new section. These verses speak of the coming of the Light into the world and say of that Light,

“He came to that which was His own, but His own did not receive Him. Yet to all who received Him, to those who believed in His Name, He gave the right to become children of God.” John 1:11-12 The coming of the Light aptly describes the content of the first four chapters of John’s Gospel. That “he came to that which was his own” describes the content of the next four chapters. The chapters we are about to study John 9-12, deal with those who received Jesus’ message. The emphasis is on Jesus calling out a people of His own in the midst of, and in spite of, growing hostility from the authorities of Judaism. This new section differs from the one before it in that in the old section we see Christ being rejected by His own people.

This section Christ, being rejected by His own, calls out to a new people. This is first seen by the blind man receiving his sight. In John 9, Jesus communicates sight. In John 9, He is received and worshipped. In John 8, the Jews are seen stooping down–to pick up stones. In John 9, Christ is seen stooping down–to make anointing clay. In John 8, Christ hides Himself from the Jews; in John 9 He reveals Himself to the blind beggar. In John 8, we have a company in whom the Word has no place. (verse 37); in John 8, Christ, inside the Temple, is called a demoniac (verse 48); In John 9, outside the Temple, He is owned as Lord (verse 36). The central Truth of John 8 is the Light testing human responsibility; in John 9 the central truth is God acting in sovereign grace after human responsibility has failed. [Arthur W. Pink, Exposition of the Gospel of John, vol. 2 (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1945), 59-60.]


Chapters 9-12

The next section of John includes Chapters 9-12, and it is entitled “Those Who Receive Him.”

To him who came to call not the righteous but sinners to repentance

These chapters cover Jesus’ focus on those whom the Father has given Him out of the world, He begins to teach them.


Chapter 9

Theme: Light of the World

Heartfelt Prayer

1 Samuel 1:13 (KJV)
(13) “Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken.”


When was the last time you spoke from your heart when it came to praying to the Father? When was the last time you were so overwhelmed with a problem, that you were speechless? That was where Hannah was. In I Samuel 1:6-8, we read that her adversary, Peninnah, Elkanah’s other wife, vexed her soul. The reason for her prayer was that she could not give her husband children. Verse five states that the Lord had shut up her womb.


Hannah turns to the Lord for help. It is a heartfelt prayer that she offers up to the Lord. The Lord hears her prayer, and she becomes pregnant with her first child. In thanksgiving, she dedicates Samuel to the Lord. Samuel becomes a great man of God.


          Hannah is an example to us today that prayer does work. God will answer our heartfelt prayers. He is a faithful God.


Lord, help me to turn to you when life throws me a difficult situation. Help me speak from my heart instead of my lips. Let me walk in my faith toward you knowing that you are a prayer answering God.

The Faith of Abraham

We are coming to the end of the conversation that took place between Jesus and the religious leaders of His day as recorded in John 8. This is an important part of John’s Gospel.

The early chapters of John 1-4 serve to introduce the Lord Jesus Christ. The reception of Jesus by the people of Jesus’ day is, for the most part, favorable. There is no hostile reaction–yet. In the present section–John 5-8, this initially open reception turns to one of increasing hatred on the part of the leaders. These chapters begin with the controversy over the Sabbath. They end with the conversation, which is recorded in John 8. The conversation centers on the personality and example of Abraham. He is mentioned by the religious leaders and Jesus eleven times in this chapter. Abraham is not mentioned anywhere else. The first time he is mentioned is in verse 33. The leaders claim their ancestry from Abraham. God had promised to bless Abraham and his seed. They were his seed physically. Therefore, they are blessed, and they had nothing to worry about.

Against this kind of deceptive spiritual reasoning, Jesus points out that what matters with God is not physical but spiritual descent. The question that arises from this viewpoint is whether they are walking in the faith of Abraham. Do they believe in Him like Abraham did?

This point is prominent in the verses that are studied now. We have to look at the example Abraham left. What is God impressed with? How did Abraham please God? The following answers this:

1.     Abraham put the calling of God above earthly honors;

2.     Abraham believed God in spite of circumstances;

3.     Abraham placed his ultimate hope in the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, and he rejoiced in His coming.


These religious leaders were out to retain their own honor. Jesus was honored by God. They had honor, but Jesus spoke the truth. They had power, but Jesus causes the blind to see, and the lame to walk. He honored God by knowing and obeying the Father (v. 55).

They wanted to know who Jesus thought He was. It may have been spoken in an insulting way. The religious leaders were implying that He wrongly was making Himself greater than He wrongly was making Abraham.

Jesus responds by saying “If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. My Father, whom you claim as your God, is the one who glorifies Me. Though you do not know Him, I know Him. If I said I did not, I would be a liar like you, but I do know him and keep His word.” (Verses. 54-55). The world honors the successful and the ambitious man. Real honor is the honor which only eternity can reveal; and the verdicts of eternity are not the verdicts of time.

This was the example of Abraham. Read


Their Real Father

Jesus has already revealed what is in their hearts. Now He reveals who their father is from a spiritual perspective. They are performing the deeds of their father who is the devil. This is why they do not know Him. They are not walking in the light as He is in the light. They say they are not illegitimate children. They go so far as to say that they have one Father who is God. Jesus counters by saying that if they had the same father, then they would accept His teachings. They would love Him. They would know that He came from the Father. Because their father is of darkness, they cannot see nor hear the truth.

Jesus speaks plainly. He boldly declares that their father is the devil (verse 44). They are doing the deeds of their father. Satan was a liar from the beginning, and they perform the deeds of their father. Their father never abode in the truth. He is not only the father of lies, but he is a murderer. They do not believe Jesus even though He speaks the truth. Those who are of God hear the truth. Since they are not of God, they cannot hear the words of truth.

The response from these Jews was very insulting. They called Jesus a Samaritan and he had a devil. Calling someone a Samaritan was saying that they were not a full-blooded Jew. Jesus’ response probably made them angrier. He said he did not have a devil. He honors His Father, and they dishonor Him. Once again, Jesus points to the fact that He does not seek glory for Himself. All the glory belongs to the Father. Jesus ends this passage by saying that if a man keeps His words, he will never see death.