True guilt is the result of sinning. In the beginning, God created male and female in His image. This means we are designed to reflect God’s character in all we do and say. Guilt accompanies any act that misrepresents the truth about who God is. Such acts are an open insult to God. Such actions are seen by Him as sin. 2 Samuel 24:10 (KJV)
(10) “And David’s heart smote him after that he had numbered the people. And David said unto the LORD, I have sinned greatly in that I have done: and now, I beseech thee, O LORD, take away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly.”
Guiltiness is the condition we are in when we sin. Being guilty is a fact not a feeling. [Richards, Expository Dictionary of Bible Words, 322; Bruce Narromore and Bill Counts, Freedom from Guilt (Irvine, CA: Harvest House, 1974), 36.] We gave all been guilty of being at fault. The Bible emphasizes with certainty that each of us is responsible for our behavior. Therefore, we are accountable to God. If you unwittingly fail to reduce your driving speed through a school zone, you could receive a ticket from a police officer. Note Leviticus 5:17.
True guilt requires a sacrificial payment for violating God’s revealed will. In the OT, God required a special “guilt offering” when the laws of God, including the rights of other people, had been violated. After restitution was made to the offended or injured party, the blood from an unblemished lamb was poured out on the temple altar. This sacrificial lamb became the “guilt offering,” securing forgiveness and reconciliation with God. Leviticus 6:6-7 (KJV)
(6) “And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD, a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: (7) And the priest shall make an atonement for him before the LORD: and it shall be forgiven him for any thing of all that he hath done in trespassing therein.”
New Testament Perspective of True Guilt
The New Testament’s perspective of true guilt is primarily judicial. [Richards, Expository Dictionary of Bible Words, 323] Many Greek words are translated as “guilt” and “guilty.” These words carry legal implications and affirm personal responsibility. Look at the Greek word enochos, which means, “to be guilty of sin and deserving of punishment.” We will be held accountable in for our guilt. It might be in a legal courtroom on earth or the divine courtroom of God. For some, they may be guilty in both. As in the Old Testament, the New Testament reveals to the same threefold nature of true guilt. Note http://ref.ly/Ro14.12.
True guilt is the result of sinning. http://ref.ly/1Co11.17
Guiltiness is the condition we are in when we sin. http://ref.ly/Jm2.10
True guilt requires a sacrificial payment for violating God’s revealed will. http://ref.ly/He10.10