The Greeks believed that God could not feel anger, love, pain, disappointment, hope, or any of the other emotions that humanity experienced. If God could feel emotions, then someone could have an effect upon Him. Someone else causes such emotions. In order to have an effect upon God the Father, the person must have control of the Father. This is not true. God is in control of all things. Since nobody can control God, then it means that He cannot have feelings. How do we reconcile this fact with what we are seeing here? It can be said that God the Father is lonely, isolated and compassionless. He can only be approached through reason–if that is possible. He cannot be reached based on His love or pity.
In great contrast with the Greek gods’ apathy or lack of emotion, Jesus’ emotional life attests the reality of His union with people. He had a deep emotional connection with these three individuals. In John 11:33-34, Jesus “groaned” which can be more likely translated “angered.” The Greek word enebrimesato (from embrimaomai) seems to connote anger or sternness. This Greek word is used five times in the New Testament. Each time it expresses the Lord’s words or feelings. Note the following verses:
Why would Jesus be angry? He may have been angry because of the people’s unbelief. This may have been His response to the hypocritical wailing by the mourners. This is not true to the text though. This makes us have to look at why Jesus groaned in the spirit. Jesus may have been angry at the tyranny of Satan who had brought sorrow and death to people through sin. Compare http://ref.ly/Jn8.44, http://ref.ly/He2.14-15 . Jesus was troubled (etaraxen, lit., “stirred” or “agitated,” like the pool water in http://ref.ly/Jn5.7. Compare http://ref.ly/Jn12.27, http://ref.ly/Jn13.21, http://ref.ly/Jn14.1, http://ref.ly/Jn14.27. This disturbance was because of His conflict with sin, death, and Satan.
Jesus’ weeping differed from that of the people. His quiet shedding tears (edakrysen) differed from their loud wailing (klaiontas v. 33). His weeping was over the tragic consequence of sin. The crowd interpreted Jesus’ tears as an expression of love, or frustration at not being there to heal Lazarus.