In the opening verse of this section, Jesus tells His disciples the reason He must leave. He tells them it is for a good purpose. Jesus says if He does not go away, the Helper will not come. The word “Helper” is used in the New American Standard Bible. The King James Version uses the word “Comforter.” The Greek word is “Paracletos.” This word means “intercessor, consoler, advocate, comforter.”  Note John 14:16, which says that the Father will give them another “Helper.” In this instance, Jesus is considered to be the first “Helper” because He teaches them the Word of God from the Old Testament as well as the Mind of God for their time. This clarifies the use of the word “another” in this respect. Jesus has walked alongside them to help them what they have been taught during the three and one-half years of Jesus’ earthly ministry . When He is gone, the Holy Spirit, also known as the “Spirit of truth” will walk with them. In fact, they will be “filled” with the Holy Spirit 24/7. Note John 14:25-26, which says the following:
“These things I have spoken to you while abiding with you. But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you.”
The verses that this lesson covers are the longest teaching on the ministry of the Holy Spirit. It shows the twofold ministry of the Holy Spirit in the following manner:
-a ministry to the world
-a ministry to the apostles
When the ministry of the Holy Spirit comes to the world, He will convict in three areas: 1) sin, 2) righteousness, 3) judgment. Concerning sin—because they do not believe in Jesus Christ. Concerning righteousness—Jesus will go to the Father, and they will no longer see Him. Concerning judgment—because the ruler of this world has been judged. At this point, Jesus says that He has much more to tell them, but they cannot bear it. He wants them to take in what He has just said. They have received enough information at that time.
When the ministry of the Holy Spirit comes to the apostles and the world, He will:
-guide them into all the truth
-will not speak on His own initiative
-whatever He hears, He will speak
-will disclose to you what is to come
-will glorify Jesus
-will take of Mine and will disclose it to them
He will not only bring statements back to their memory, but He will reveal things to them. It will be their responsibility to teach what they shall hear.