Monthly Archives: April 2015

Simon Peter: The Denial

Scripture: John 18:25-27

 

Jesus has been arrested, and He is taken to a midnight trial. Simon Peter and the “other” apostle have followed behind the crowd. The apostle John does not speak directly of himself in his gospel. He refers to himself three times in this chapter. He uses three phrases, which biblical scholars agree that he is speaking of himself.  These three phrases are as follows:

1.   Another disciple

2.   That disciple

3.   Other disciple

Peter is allowed to be near the door because John speaks to the individual who is in charge of the door. There is a crowd, which has gathered around a fire. Peter blends into the crowd.

At this time, a slave girl thinks she recognizes Peter as being a follower of Jesus Christ. Of course, Peter denies his relationship with Jesus. His denial is also recorded in verses 25 and 26. The rooster crows after Peter denies Jesus Christ for the third time. He remembers what Jesus said in John 13:38. Peter weeps when he hears the rooster crows.

Causes of Envy and Jealousy

We will first look at surface causes of these twins.

 

Envy:

–desire for selfish gain

–comparison

–emphasis on personal rights

–unrealistic expectations

Jealousy:

–lack of trust

–low self-image

–guilt

Situational Setups

Envy

-affluence (money)

-achievement (honors, awards)

-appearance (looks, clothes, etc.)

-abilities (talents)

-advancement (promotions)

-activities (trips, social invitations)

Jealousy

-sibling rivalry

-friendships

-marriage relationships

-adult parent/child relationships

-competitive work environment

-legalistic church environment

“I saw that all labor and all achievement spring from man’s envy of his neighbor.” Ecclesiastes 4:4

 

The Characteristics of Envy and Jealousy

  • Envy–burning desire to have–coveting what another has: empty hands that crave to be filled; usually involves two people.
  • Jealousy–burning desire to keep; possessive of what one has; full hands that fear being emptied; usually involves three people

 

What we need to discuss now is what the “surface symptoms” are. This portion of the study will help in identifying any personal characteristics we may possess.

 

Envious

“A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones.” (Proverbs 14:30)

Encourages envy in others: boastful

Needs to put down others: critical

Vengeful feelings toward others: resentful

Internal pain over the success of others: begrudging

Overachiever: competitive

Unfulfilled desires or cravings: greedy

Self-exalting: demanding

Jealous

“Anger is cruel and fury overwhelming, but who can stand before jealousy?” (Proverbs 27:4)

Judgmental of others: performance-based acceptance

Exclusive expectations: not allowing outside relationships

Anxiety/anger over potential loss: threat of losing relationship

Leaning on the identity of others: emotionally dependent

Overly possessive of others: controlling spirit

Unable to trust God: insecure

Suspicious of the normal behavior of others: distrustful

 

Disguises for Masking the Traits

  • Making an issue of the unfairness of life.

Pretending apathy or indifference to people or situations

Feeling self-pity

Avoiding problems or people that could produce envy or provoke jealousy

Idolizing certain people by placing them on an unreachable pedestal

Offering false praise and congratulations

Dropping unnecessary, negative information about another

Projecting jealousy or envy onto another

Developing a superior attitude toward another

Becoming a martyr

“For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice.” James 3:16

 

Envy and Jealousy Characteristics

  • Envy–burning desire to have–coveting what another has: empty hands that crave to be filled; usually involves two people.
  • Jealousy–burning desire to keep; possessive of what one has; full hands that fear being emptied; usually involves three people

 

What we need to discuss now is what the “surface symptoms” are. This portion of the study will help in identifying any personal traits we may possess.

 

Envious

“A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones.” (Proverbs 14:30)

Encourages envy in others: boastful

Needs to put down others: critical

Vengeful feelings toward others: resentful

Internal pain over the success of others: begrudging

Overachiever: competitive

Unfulfilled desires or cravings: greedy

Self-exalting: demanding

Jealous

“Anger is cruel and fury overwhelming, but who can stand before jealousy?” (Proverbs 27:4)

Judgmental of others: performance-based acceptance

Exclusive expectations: not allowing outside relationships

Anxiety/anger over potential loss: threat of losing relationship

Leaning on the identity of others: emotionally dependent

Overly possessive of others: controlling spirit

Unable to trust God: insecure

Suspicious of the normal behavior of others: distrustful

 

The Definition of Envy

What is Envy?

Envy is resenting the advantage of another, with a desire to possess the same advantage.

Envy is coveting what another has.

The Latin word for “envy” is invidere, which means, “to look at with enmity.” American Heritage Electronic Dictionary

You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.” (Exodus 20:17)

Question: Is envy always wrong?

Yes. Scripture never portrays envy in a positive light. God is never depicted as an envious God.

“Now it was the governor’s custom at the Feast to release a prisoner chosen by the crowd. At that time, they had a notorious prisoner, called Barabbas. So when the crowd had gathered, Pilate asked them, ‘Which one do you want me to release to you: Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ?’ For he knew it was out of envy that they had handed Jesus over to him” (Matthew 27:15-18)

 

The Roman Trial Part One

John 18:28-32

The only common elements between the Jewish trial and Roman trial are the accusers and the accused. The reason for the two trials is that the Jewish court had lost the power to administer the death penalty by the first Christian century. Because the Jewish leaders sought the death penalty, they had to turn Jesus over to the Roman government in order to full this desire. Jesus had two verdicts against Him.

This brings to light the unique and fascinating situation. In this one instance Jesus was tried, on the one hand by a court of heaven. This trial sought to apply the revealed law of God. On the other hand, by a court of man is seeking to apply what is generally thought to be the most highly developed form of law we know.

It is probable that the most humane system of law was the Jewish trial. Jewish respect for human life was high. It was practically impossible to execute a person under the jurisdiction of a Hebrew court. Roman law was excellent. It was comprehensive in coverage, and its systemization of formal statues, elaboration of court procedures, and the adding of penalties.

Once again, Walter Chandler summarizes the issue concerning Jesus in the following manner: “Jesus was arraigned in one day, in one city, before the sovereign courts of the universe; before the Sanhedrin, the supreme tribunal of a divinely commissioned race; before the court of the Roman Empire that determined the legal and political rights of men throughout the known world. The Nazarene stood charged with blasphemy and with treason against the enthroned monarchs represented by these courts; blasphemy against Jehovah who, from the lightning-lit summit of Sinai, proclaimed his laws to mankind; treason against Caesar, enthroned and uttering his will to the world amidst the pomp and splendor of Rome.” This is a mouthful to say the least! History records no other trials like these. [Chandler, Trial of Jesus, vol. 2, 6-7]

It would seem that the trial before Pilate would be simpler than the Jewish trial. This is not the case at all. The Hebrew trial has its own puzzling elements. The question that arises from this trial is one of rejection by His people. They had in their possession the scriptures concerning the prophecies about Jesus. The rejection is understandable. He was hated because He revealed the leaders’ sin. Pilate did not hate Jesus. Pilate respected Jesus. He was acquitted by Pilate. Pilate pronounced Jesus as innocent. Nevertheless, he eventually turned Jesus over to be crucified.

Frank Morison has rightly said, “We do not get rid of the mystery of Christ when we bring Him to the Roman bar; we increase it tenfold.” [Morison, Who Moved the Stone?, 43]