-The second phase of the Jewish trial was before Caiaphas. Annas had sent Jesus to him. He realized that his attempt at interrogating Jesus had failed. The trial before Caiaphas was significant. This trial is described at length by the Synoptic writers. Note Matthew 26:57-68; Mark 14:53-65 and Luke 22:54.
Various witnesses were brought forward who could not agree on their testimony. Their words were dismissed. This trial was moving toward a swift motion of acquittal. In all truth, it should have moved to this result. Note that Caiaphas himself intervened illegally to demand of the prisoner: “I charge you under oath by the living God: Tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God” Matthew 26:63. Jesus was under no obligation to respond. He refused this official challenge in the name of Jehovah. He said “Yes, it is as you say,” and He was immediately convicted of blasphemy by a unanimous vote.
-The third phase of the Jewish trial took place the following morning at daybreak. Matthew 27:1; Mark 15:1 and Luke 22:66-71. The questioning of the previous night was reiterated formally, and a judgment was secured. This involved the entire Sanhedrin, which was the highest court of Judaism.
We shall look at the Roman trial next.