Category Archives: The Gospel of John

After the disciples have dined with Jesus, He talks with Peter. Three times Jesus asks Peter does he love him. Three times Peter confesses his love for Jesus. Each time Jesus tells Peter to feed His flock. He calls His flock by two different names, which are lambs or sheep. Lambs are tender and need much care and tending to because they are young. Sheep need caring for and leading. They need rest at certain times. They need a shepherd who knows how to be responsible for not only their care but their protection and health as well. Note what 1 Peter 5:2 says: “Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind.” This is a humble responsibility for the one called to this ministry.
When Jesus asks the question the third time, note verse 17 where Peter is “grieved” by Jesus’ repeated question. At this point, Peter says that Jesus knows all things. He knows that he loves Him. At this point, Jesus goes on to make His statement. He tells Peter that when he was young, he was independent. He could move about and do what he wanted to do. Things will change when he will get old. When he will get old, others will clothe him, lead him around, and most of all, he will be carried to places where he will not want to go. Verse 19 clarifies this statement by saying that it signifies the death he should glorify God. He tells Peter to follow Him.
Peter turned and saw the beloved disciple, and he asks the Lord what shall this man do? Jesus tells Peter what concern is that of his if that man tarries until He returns. This statement spread like wild fire among the brethren that this man should not die. It must be understood that Jesus did not say that. What He did say was “If I will that he tarries till I come, what is that to thee?” Isn’t it something how leaving out one sentence can change the meaning of a statement?
The last two verses of this gospel reveal who the “disciple” is. He is the author of the gospel. His testimony is true because he is an eyewitness to the earthly ministry of the resurrected Christ. His last statement is amazing. It leaves the reader realizing that this narrative is but a summary of the teachings and miracles of Jesus Christ. Jesus did so much that it could not be recorded!

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Confrontation with the Risen Messiah

The writer lets us know who is present at this appearance. Notice who is mentioned first. Simon Peter. He was the man who wanted to walk on water with Jesus, and Jesus bid him come. He began to sink because he took his off Jesus, and Jesus had to reach out and rescue him. Peter the one who denied him three times before the cock crowed twice. He was ashamed, and yet Jesus forgave him. He became a great man of God. Why? Because Jesus saw something in him that Peter did not know was living inside himself. What a mighty God we serve! Thomas called Didymus. Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, along with two other of his disciples.
Yet these men did not consider the words and instructions of Jesus Christ that they had been given. They went back doing what they had been doing all their lives—fishing. Jesus was gone—or so they thought. It was nighttime, and they were unsuccessful in their endeavors. Then when early morning came, something happened that changed their lives forever. Jesus showed up! He was on the shore, and they did not know it was He.
Jesus then asks them if they have any meat, and they respond by saying no. He answers them by telling them to cast their net on the right side of the ship. When they do this, they get so many fish they are unable to gather their nets. They caught a multitude of fish! The Provider of all things in our lives had spoken to them. John identifies who is speaking, and he tells Peter that it is the Lord. When Peter hears this, he covers himself with his fisherman’s coat because he is naked. He then dives into the sea. Concerning the fisherman’s coat that Peter put on, I did some research, and found out two views. One was a scholarly view, and the other view came from Jewish writers. I would like to share with you what the Jewish writers have to say about this article of clothing.
It was a straight garment, which a man put on next to his flesh to dry up the sweat. It was a very fit item for him to swim in. It covered his nakedness. It would be understandable for him to be very naked because he was surrounded by men. Therefore, it was not at all indecent or unbecoming for him to be dressed in such a manner.
After Peter left the ship to swim ashore, the other disciples came ashore by traveling on a small ship. Apparently, they were not far from the shore as well. As they came ashore, they dragged the net, which was full of fish. Verse 11 says that the number of fish amounted to 153, and the net did not break. Once they were on shore, they saw that Jesus had started a fire cooking fish and bread. Jesus tells them to bring the fish that they had caught.
Once all the disciples were onshore and settled, Jesus invites them to “Come and dine.” I believe that this phrase is something that you and I should stop and investigate. Although upon first glance, it may appear simplistic, I have found that the more simplistic on the surface, the more rich in the depth.
Since it was so early in the morning, it would seem that Jesus would have said come and take a breakfast rather than a dinner. Therefore, it may signify here, not what we properly call dining, but eating a morning’s meal. It is to be observed that he does not say go and dine, but come and dine. This means along with himself. He does not send His disciples elsewhere for food. He invites them to come to Him, to hear His word, which is food for faith. They are to wait in His house where plenty of provision is made, and to attend on His ordinances. All are to feed upon Jesus, and to feed with Him. All are heartily welcome.
Notice that none of the disciples asked Him who He is because they recognize Him at this point. Jesus feeds them natural food in the form of bread and fish. This section of John 21 ends in verse 14 by stating that this is the third time that Jesus has shown Himself to His disciples after He rose from the dead.

The Trauma

John 19:31-34, 36-37

 

In John 19:31, it is revealed that the time of preparation had come. Because of this time, the Jews asked Pilate to break their legs so that they would die quickly. Therefore, their bodies be removed and buried the same day. They did not want these individuals’ crucified bodies to remain upon the crosses overnight–especially during their holy day of Passover. In the Old Testament, it is forbidden for a body to hang on a tree or cross overnight. See Deut. 21:22-23.

Now we need to discuss the piercing of Jesus. First, the cruelty of the piercing. The soldiers could not resist an act of brutality upon the body of Christ. This was only a continuation of their meanness toward Christ. Jesus was pierced in the side possibly with a spear. Second, the consequences of the piercing. Blood and water came out of Jesus’ side as prophesied in Psalm 22:16-17. Third, the error from the piercing. Those who say that Jesus only fainted, and He had been revived in the grave are liars. They are rejecting the truth of the gospel. Such unbelief is dangerous.

Calvary was not an accident in which God lost control to the cleverness of man. God was in control of everything concerning this event. Man was obedient to God’s plan.

 

The Final Sayings

Although Jesus uttered seven sayings on the cross, John records three. The first one is about transferring the care of Mary. She is His mother, and she is placed in the care of the Apostle John. It is important to understand that the first three sayings of Jesus deal with the needs of others. Most people would have a problem being concerned about others. He did what He could do to alleviate their problems. “The best balm for pain and sorrow is to minister to others.” (Strauss)

“He saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! “John 19:26

The angel Gabriel came to Mary to announce that she would be the one to bear the Messiah. He told her she was “highly favored.” Luke 1:28  This did not exempt her from earthly suffering. The fact is that the more highly favored an individual is in heaven, the more one may suffer on earth because Satan hates those individuals. Jesus is sovereign over Mary. The fact that Jesus calls her “woman” shows her place compared to Christ.

This shows the service in the transfer of care for Mary. It is a good illustration of Christian service. Jesus reveals the selected for service. Christ had four half-brothers and at least two-half-sisters. Note Matthew 13:55-56. Why isn’t Mary placed in their care? The answer comes from the fact that they are not devoted to Christ like the Apostle John is. They believed after the resurrection. Note John 7:5 and Acts 1:14. Jesus selects those who are devoted to Him for service. He knew that John would be devoted to her. He knew John would submit to this commission. What was also taken into account was the sacrifice for service. Caring for Mary would take great sacrifice. This care would include extra expenses and care. You and I must learn to sacrifice in our devotion to Him.

The third, fifth and sixth of the seven sayings of Christ on the cross are recorded by John. “Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst” John 19:28. Christ was also concerned about the fulfillment of Scripture. We must show this same dedication to obedience to the Scriptures. We need to look for a few minutes to the cause for the thirst.

1. Physical suffering. The suffering on the cross would create much thirst. Jesus may not have had a drink of water since He was in the Upper Room.

2. Spiritual suffering. This is the primary meaning of the saying, “I thirst.” Christ was experiencing the suffering for sin as He took the place of the sinner.

In John 19:30, Jesus says words of finality–“It is finished.” Although this saying is very brief, it holds profound meaning. This speaks of Christ’s suffering on earth. It is all over now. Note what Arthur W. Pink says about this. “What tongue or pen can describe the sufferings of the Savior?” This is something that we never are able to fully grasp. This statement speaks of the finished work of Christ concerning the work of salvation on the cross. Salvation requires that there be a blood sacrifice for the sin of the individual. The Old Testament speaks of many sacrifices, but they did not possess the power to remove the sin(s). Note Hebrews 10:11-12, 14. It was the sacrifice of all sacrifices. It fulfilled all the types of offerings and sacrifices of the Old Testament.

It speaks of victory over Satan. His opposition did not make the final sacrifice void. Satan failed to stop Jesus’ perfect sacrifice. Christ conquered victoriously. Jesus had completed His service. His assignment was complete.

 

The Title

The next thing we look at is the title above Jesus’ head. This is revealed in John 19:19. The title reads as follows:

 

JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. Every victim that is crucified gets a list of their crimes nailed to their cross. This title was right. Pilate writes the truth even though the Jews do not believe it. It is a title that is readable to all those who come from Jerusalem and the surrounding areas. It is written in three languages: Hebrew, Greek and Latin. These are the three main languages of the crowds.

 

The Jews reject this title. Note John 19:21-22. There is the fact of unbelief. They tell Pilate not to write that Jesus is the king of the Jews. There is the fact of the Jews’ unyielding to the rejection. John 19:22. Pilate’s stand is strong here. It is too late. Now we will discuss the tradition at the crucifixion.

 

John 19:23-24

The fact that the soldiers began to divide Jesus’ garments shows the poverty of the times. There is no recognition of the value of these garments. The parting of these garments are shameful to those being crucified. What this means is that Jesus was stripped of His garments. Religious artists wisely cover Jesus with a loin cloth. Note the words in verse 24:

 

“That the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots.”

 

Compare this verse with Psalm 22:18. The fulfillment of Scripture reminds us that Calvary is not an accident. It is the well-planned event by God.

 

 

The Crucifixion

John 19:13-14 Pilate is still attempting to release Jesus instead of Barabbas. In response to the Jews’ reaction concerning Jesus, Pilate presents Jesus to the crowd. The Jews do not claim Jesus as their king. They say that Caesar is their king. Notice John 19:15 where Pilate asks them if they want Jesus to be crucified. Their answer is yes. Pilate’s cowardly acts fail to persuade the Jews to accept the release of Christ. The Jewish crowd is hypocritical. They profess great loyalty to the hated Caesar. Because of their cry, Jesus is delivered to the soldiers to be crucified.

John 19:17-37

None of the gospels gives full details of the crucifixion. For this reason, they have to be compiled. From this point, we are given a full account of this event. There are details that are unique to John.

The place of the crucifixion was outside of Jerusalem. The name of the area is known as the place of the skull. In Hebrew, it is called Golgotha. Golgotha and Calvary are both related to the skull. Note Luke 23:33. The rock formations at this place give the appearance of a skull. Jesus bore His cross to this place. It is heavy and painful because His back is bloody. The other gospels mention a man who carries the cross for Jesus because He becomes so weak.

Jesus is placed between two thieves. John 19:18. It is unknown whether they went through a trial. This fact is prophesied in the Old Testament. Note Isaiah 53:12. Calvary is no accident. It is an event planned by God.

The Crucifixion

John 19:13-14 Pilate is still attempting to release Jesus instead of Barabbas. In response to the Jews’ reaction concerning Jesus, Pilate presents Jesus to the crowd. The Jews do not claim Jesus as their king. They say that Caesar is their king. Notice John 19:15 where Pilate asks them if they want Jesus to be crucified. Their answer is yes. Pilate’s cowardly acts fail to persuade the Jews to accept the release of Christ. The Jewish crowd is hypocritical. They profess great loyalty to the hated Caesar. Because of their cry, Jesus is delivered to the soldiers to be crucified.

John 19:17-37

None of the gospels gives full details of the crucifixion. For this reason, they have to be compiled. From this point, we are given a full account of this event. There are details that are unique to John.

The place of the crucifixion was outside of Jerusalem. The name of the area is known as the place of the skull. In Hebrew, it is called Golgotha. Golgotha and Calvary are both related to the skull. Note Luke 23:33. The rock formations at this place give the appearance of a skull. Jesus bore His cross to this place. It is heavy and painful because His back is bloody. The other gospels mention a man who carries the cross for Jesus because He becomes so weak.

Jesus is placed between two thieves. John 19:18. It is unknown whether they went through a trial. This fact is prophesied in the Old Testament. Note Isaiah 53:12. Calvary is no accident. It is an event planned by God.