Category Archives: Truth on Trial Notes

The Greeks

John 12:27-29

Jesus now speaks on the cost of commitment to the Father’s will. He does this by revealing His emotions. This is one of the ways Jesus connects with humanity. Jesus says He is in turmoil. The Greek word for this is tetaraktai which means “stirred, agitated.He is facing the prospect of being made sin.


“For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin;

that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”

2 Corinthians 5:21


He knew that His Incarnation was for the very purpose of bringing Him to this hour. See John 12:23, 13:1 and 17:1. Jesus is our example in His attitude concerning His coming death. He submits to the will of the Father. We also must submit to the will of the Father. Notice what Jesus says, “Father, glorify Your name!” We must desire that His name be glorified despite our conflicting emotions.


The Father speaks from heaven in a loud thunderous voice. He confirms His working in Jesus in reference to the past and the future. Nobody could understand what was being said. See Acts 9:7 and 22:9.


John 12:30-31

The voice coming from heaven confirms faith in the spiritually perceptive. To the unspiritual, it is only noise. 1Cor 2:4. Jesus’ death brought judgment on the world. Evil is atoned for through this. The world’s goals, standards and religions were shown to be folly. [Bible Knowledge Commentary] The Cross of Calvary defeated Satan. Note Satan is known as the prince of this world. Note John 14:30; 16:11. Jesus states that he will be driven out. His power over people resulting in death will be defeated. They can be delivered from his dominion of spiritual darkness and sin’s slavery. and


John 12:32-33

When Jesus says, “When I am lifted up from the earth,” it does not refer to His Ascension. It speaks of His crucifixion. John 3:14 and John 8:28. He knew how would die–by the cross. The Jews’ way was by stoning. This meant that He would die according to Roman law. Note Stephen’s death–Acts 7:58-60.

Since Jesus would die on the Roman cross, He would draw all men to Himself. He did not mean everybody would be saved. He made it clear that some will be lost because of their unbelief. John 5:28-29. He will draw indiscriminately. Those who would be saved would not only be Jews. There would be people from every tribe, language, people and nation. See,, and



Note 5: The Interrogation of the Blind Man

Andrew T. Lincoln in his book entitled “Truth on Trial: The Lawsuit Motif in John’s Gospel,” makes a strong statement concerning John 9. He states that after Jesus is interrogated in chapter 8, the blind man in John 9 is also interrogated. I am leaning toward this statement as I investigate this chapter. As you know, Jesus was questioned concerning His identity in the previous chapter. This is repeated before Jesus performs a miracle in the life of the blind man in John 9:5. “Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light of life” (8:12) (p.97) This claim is verified through the giving of sight to the blind. This will lead to the interrogation of the man. The imagery of light and darkness is not forgotten here. As followers, we may be subjected to this same questioning and subsequent persecution.


Mr. Lincoln deals with Chapter 9 separately in his work. It should be considered that it is a part of a “more extended unit that is completed in John 10.”  This is noted in John 10:21.  The themes of interrogation and judgment are continued through chapter 10. John’s fondness for groups of seven is evident in the structuring of the episode into seven scenes.

Verses 1-7, 8-12, 13-17, 18-23,24-34, 35-38, 39-41


The central scene is located in vv. 18-23. This passage suggests the perspective from which the episode is viewed. These passages underline the significance of the scene. The author gives an “inside view” of the parents’ fear filled response. Note verse 22 where it states that the Jews had already decided that if any Jew confessed Jesus as Messiah, they would be removed from the synagogue.        


The blind man is shown to represent two dramas: he is not just a individual who has been healed, but he is also the representative of those Jewish Christian readers who have been expelled from the synagogue because of their confession of Jesus as Messiah. The blind man was born blind, and now that he receives his sight. Therefore, he loses his place in the synagogue. True light had come dispelling spiritual darkness. When true spiritual light comes, it removes the spiritual fog and reveals the light of the gospel of Jesus Christ. This man’s character undergoes greater development than any other individual in John’s gospel.


Belief in Jesus brings the true light as noted in John 1. He represents the whole of humanity. Although the Jews say they see, they are really blind spiritually. This man not only sees naturally, but he sees spiritually. The Jewish religious leaders tell him to give God the glory. He does give God glory as revealed in the Son of God.

Note 4: Abraham’s Seed?

Note 4: Abraham’s Seed?

John 8:31-47



The one who commits sin is the one who does not remain in the house. This individual does not remain in Jesus’ Word. When viewing this from the perspective of Abraham in Genesis, Abraham had two sons: one was free-Sarah, the other was bond, Hagar. Jesus is the free Son who has the ability to extend such spiritual freedom to others. John 8:36.


The book of Isaiah serves as the scriptural background for this passage. The message of its trial scenes and their surrounding context comes to those in exile, those in Babylonian captivity, and Yahweh’s self-announcement as “I am” also announce Yahweh’s sole Savior and Redeemer. [emphasis mine] Note the following verses from Isaiah:


Isa 41:14; 43:14; 44:22-24; 47:4; 48:17, 20; 52:3; 59:20


The notion of redemption includes liberation from slavery and oppression. In order for this to be a reality in their lives, acceptance of Jesus’ doctrine was needed.


The people are recalled to their Abrahamic descent Is 41:8; 51:2. Promise is made to restore and free them—Isaiah 45:13; 49:6 and 25; 51:11, 14, 61:1-4.

The Requirement is acknowledgement of their internal condition of sinful rebellion, which has led to their external condition of slavery—Isaiah 42:24; 50:1; 53:4-6; 55:6-7; 59:1-16, 20. The motifs are replayed her as Jesus, after revealing himself in terms of “I am” and as the one who delivers Israel from death in its sins, now presses for an acknowledgement by these particular Jews. They are indeed in a sinful condition. They need His liberation.

Note 3 Standard of Judgment


The links with the lawsuit motif are not limited to Isaiah 40-55 within Isaiah. Note Isaiah 11:1-10.


This speaks of the future Davidic king as the bearer of the Spirit and as one who shall not judge by appearance or outward glory, or convict on the basis of report role in John’s Gospel lawsuit in John 16:8, and elsewhere Jesus issues the warning not to judge by appearances but to judge with right judgment John 7:24. It exemplifies this standard of judgment Himself John 8:15-16. The messianic king is also said to be a sign for the nations.

Note 2: Discrediting the Witness


How would you discredit a witness if that individual’s testimony would bring you down? Here are some ways that you could approach their testimony.


You could eliminate the witness. You could have the individual killed. You could threaten the individual so that he would keep quiet.


You could seek to discredit the witness. If you could show that, the individual does not possess good character. Perhaps this individual has lied in court before. You could get people to discount what he has to say concerning your case.


You could seek to have their testimony thrown out of court on a technicality.

These are three lines of attack for anyone who is unscrupulous. These three attacks are used against Jesus. They sought to discredit Jesus Christ’s testimony he bore to men of God’s nature and of man’s need for salvation.

First, they sought to eliminate Him. The first attack came in the closing verses of John 7. They wanted to arrest Him–but it was not time.

Second, they tried to discredit him by throwing such doubt upon His character that no one would listen to him regardless of what He had to say. This was the object of the abortive attempt to trap Jesus in the incident concerning the woman caught in adultery.

Third, they wanted to eliminate the force of His testimony as the result of a technicality. They questioned His witness.


Note 1: Light

Note 1: Light


First, I would like to thank you for reading these notes. I hope your study of John’s Gospel is benefitting you. I also hope that when you visit these notes, they will enlighten you.


I suggest that you read Isaiah 40-55. Some of the words that Jesus speaks in His various discourses and statements are found in these chapters.



Deutero-Isaiah and the Fourth Gospel have major images in common. One of these is light. Yahweh has given the servant to be light to the nations Isaiah 42:6; 49:6. Yahweh’s judgment and salvation will be a light for the nations. This image sometimes combined with those of darkness and blindness: “I have given you as a …light to the nations, to open the eyes that are blind, to bring out…from the prison those who sit in darkness Isaiah 42:6-7; cf. 49:9. I will the blind by a road they do not know…I will turn the darkness before them into light Isaiah 42:16.