Tag Archives: gospel

Apology

I’ve been so busy teaching Sunday School that I haven’t had the time to complete the Gospel of John. Then I was sick for over a month…from Thanksgiving until December 24th. Then I was trying to finish teaching the Book of Revelation. I plan to have a blog with these lessons on it.

Please look for the update some time this week on the Gospel of John.

Thanks and Blessings…Pam

The Final Sayings

Although Jesus uttered seven sayings on the cross, John records three. The first one is about transferring the care of Mary. She is His mother, and she is placed in the care of the Apostle John. It is important to understand that the first three sayings of Jesus deal with the needs of others. Most people would have a problem being concerned about others. He did what He could do to alleviate their problems. “The best balm for pain and sorrow is to minister to others.” (Strauss)

“He saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! “John 19:26

The angel Gabriel came to Mary to announce that she would be the one to bear the Messiah. He told her she was “highly favored.” Luke 1:28  This did not exempt her from earthly suffering. The fact is that the more highly favored an individual is in heaven, the more one may suffer on earth because Satan hates those individuals. Jesus is sovereign over Mary. The fact that Jesus calls her “woman” shows her place compared to Christ.

This shows the service in the transfer of care for Mary. It is a good illustration of Christian service. Jesus reveals the selected for service. Christ had four half-brothers and at least two-half-sisters. Note Matthew 13:55-56. Why isn’t Mary placed in their care? The answer comes from the fact that they are not devoted to Christ like the Apostle John is. They believed after the resurrection. Note John 7:5 and Acts 1:14. Jesus selects those who are devoted to Him for service. He knew that John would be devoted to her. He knew John would submit to this commission. What was also taken into account was the sacrifice for service. Caring for Mary would take great sacrifice. This care would include extra expenses and care. You and I must learn to sacrifice in our devotion to Him.

The third, fifth and sixth of the seven sayings of Christ on the cross are recorded by John. “Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst” John 19:28. Christ was also concerned about the fulfillment of Scripture. We must show this same dedication to obedience to the Scriptures. We need to look for a few minutes to the cause for the thirst.

1. Physical suffering. The suffering on the cross would create much thirst. Jesus may not have had a drink of water since He was in the Upper Room.

2. Spiritual suffering. This is the primary meaning of the saying, “I thirst.” Christ was experiencing the suffering for sin as He took the place of the sinner.

In John 19:30, Jesus says words of finality–“It is finished.” Although this saying is very brief, it holds profound meaning. This speaks of Christ’s suffering on earth. It is all over now. Note what Arthur W. Pink says about this. “What tongue or pen can describe the sufferings of the Savior?” This is something that we never are able to fully grasp. This statement speaks of the finished work of Christ concerning the work of salvation on the cross. Salvation requires that there be a blood sacrifice for the sin of the individual. The Old Testament speaks of many sacrifices, but they did not possess the power to remove the sin(s). Note Hebrews 10:11-12, 14. It was the sacrifice of all sacrifices. It fulfilled all the types of offerings and sacrifices of the Old Testament.

It speaks of victory over Satan. His opposition did not make the final sacrifice void. Satan failed to stop Jesus’ perfect sacrifice. Christ conquered victoriously. Jesus had completed His service. His assignment was complete.

 

The Flogging

Pilate had Jesus flogged. Severe scourging often preceded crucifixion of the prisoner. Such actions were regular punishments. This particular punishment was severe, and it was a part of the death sentence. Since Pilate has not presented a sentence, the scourging of Jesus is not as severe. He hopes that the blood drawn from the beating will satisfy Jesus’ accusers John 19:5. This is an unlikely supposing on Pilate’s part. John 18:31 Pilate took this action because he attempted to compromise with the Jews.

Jesus was tied to a post set in the courtyard for the punishment of prisoners. He was stripped naked and stretched against the iron post. Jesus was fully exposed to the brutality of His torturers.

It should be noted that Julius Caesar had decreed that scourging was too severe for the Italian soldiers to administer. Pilate’s entourage included two Syrian conscripts who shared the task. [Gordon Thomas, The Jesus Conspiracy Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1997), 221.

Soldiers normally administered this type of punishment in the provinces. Free Romans were beaten with rods, and soldiers with sticks. Slaves and despised non-Romans were beaten with whips. The leather thongs were enclosed with sharp pieces of metal or bone. Jewish law commanded thirty-nine lashes while Roman law allowed this punishment until the soldier got tired. There are texts that report that bones or entrails were sometimes bared. [Bible Background Commentary, WordSearch Database]

Such flogging often killed an individual. The flogging, the mocking crown of thorns and purple robe, the ridiculing in hailing Him King of the Jews along with the physical blows on His face were all part of Jesus’ deep humiliation as He was identified with human sin as the Servant of the Lord. Note Is. 50:6; 52:14-53:6. In Matthew and Mark’s gospel, we read of the soldiers spitting on Jesus. Matt. 27:30 and Mark 15:19. It should be noted that the thorns are connected with the curse of thorns caused by human sin as seen in Genesis 3:18.

While the malefactors hung on the tree, soldiers played games of knucklebones, coins or dice. It was common for street mimes to mock kings arrayed in mock splendor. The Jewish ruler Agrippa I was ridiculed in this manner in Alexandria. [Ibid.]

Concerning the purple robe, Greek vassal princes wore this type of robe. The “purple robe” may have been a faded scarlet lictor’s robe or an old rug. The crown of thorns may have come from an “acanthus shrub or from the date palm. These “crowns” may have been used to mimic the wreaths of Hellenistic kings. Some thorns may have been turned inward, which caused Jesus’ head to bleed.

“Hail” is sarcasm derived from the customary salutation of the Roman emperor, which is “Ave (Hail), Caesar!”

Pilate told the Jewish crowd twice that he found Jesus not guilty. Their response both times was they wanted Jesus to die. Pilate finally bowed to their demand.

 

Simon Peter: The Denial

Scripture: John 18:25-27

 

Jesus has been arrested, and He is taken to a midnight trial. Simon Peter and the “other” apostle have followed behind the crowd. The apostle John does not speak directly of himself in his gospel. He refers to himself three times in this chapter. He uses three phrases, which biblical scholars agree that he is speaking of himself.  These three phrases are as follows:

1.   Another disciple

2.   That disciple

3.   Other disciple

Peter is allowed to be near the door because John speaks to the individual who is in charge of the door. There is a crowd, which has gathered around a fire. Peter blends into the crowd.

At this time, a slave girl thinks she recognizes Peter as being a follower of Jesus Christ. Of course, Peter denies his relationship with Jesus. His denial is also recorded in verses 25 and 26. The rooster crows after Peter denies Jesus Christ for the third time. He remembers what Jesus said in John 13:38. Peter weeps when he hears the rooster crows.

The Trial of Jesus Christ

Although the Passion Week is over, and we celebrated the Resurrection today, I have yet to teach concerning these things in the Gospel of John. I hope that you will benefit from these lessons. There is much that I want to share with you.

I ask that you be patient with me as we go through the lessons on Hebrew law and its principals along with other subjects. I will be dealing with Deceitful Hearts when speaking of the religious people and their handling of Jesus’ arrest and trial.

John 18 The Confrontation

John 18:4-11

 

In this passage, we see that Jesus faces His accusers with courage. He had told His disciples about this coming event. For this reason, Jesus had done a lot of teaching in the previous chapters of this gospel. These teachings became valuable to the hearers of Jesus’ final words.

In the following verses, we read of the conversation between Jesus and the Roman soldiers, the officers and Pharisees. When Jesus responds by saying that He is the one they are seeking, they fall back. This is because His words are so powerful. This reveals the majesty of Jesus Christ. At this point, Jesus asks them again who they are looking for. They give the same response, and Jesus says He is the one they are looking for.

A look at Peter’s response takes us to Matthew 26:33-35. Here Peter promises that he would die for Jesus. Here he thinks he could save Jesus, or die trying. He seeks to take off the head of the high priest’s slave, and He misses. Instead, he hacks off the man’s ear. In one of the other gospels, we learn that Jesus heals the man. He places the ear back in place. Note http://ref.ly/Lk22.51. Peter’s response misses the plan of God. The Bible Knowledge Commentary states “zeal without knowledge in religion often leads men astray. Romans 10:2.

Verse 11 deals with the fact that earlier that same night, Jesus had rebuked Peter. See http://ref.ly/Jn13.6-11. He rebukes him again. All that was happening was according to God’s plan. The statement Jesus made was a rhetorical question. It was designed to prod Peter’s thinking. Jesus intended to do the will of the Father.

Brief Outline of John 16

John 16

Theme: Giver of the Spirit

Jesus’ Warning Verses 1-4

The Holy Spirit Promises 5-15

Jesus’ Death and Resurrection 16-22

Prayer Promises 22-33

Key Verse: John 16:33 (KJV)

(33) These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.